// Copyright (C) 2010  Davis E. King (davis@dlib.net)
// License: Boost Software License   See LICENSE.txt for the full license.
#ifndef DLIB_CONSOLE_PROGRESS_INDiCATOR_Hh_
#define DLIB_CONSOLE_PROGRESS_INDiCATOR_Hh_

#include <ctime>
#include <cmath>
#include <limits>
#include <iostream>

namespace dlib
{

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    class console_progress_indicator
    {
        /*!
            WHAT THIS OBJECT REPRESENTS
                This object is a tool for reporting how long a task will take
                to complete.  

                For example, consider the following bit of code:

                    console_progress_indicator pbar(100)
                    for (int i = 1; i <= 100; ++i)
                    {
                        pbar.print_status(i);
                        long_running_operation();
                    }

                The above code will print a message to the console each iteration
                which shows how much time is remaining until the loop terminates.
        !*/

    public:

        inline explicit console_progress_indicator (
            double target_value 
        ); 
        /*!
            ensures
                - #target() == target_value
        !*/

        inline void reset (
            double target_value
        );
        /*!
            ensures
                - #target() == target_value
                - performs the equivalent of:
                    *this = console_progress_indicator(target_value)
                    (i.e. resets this object with a new target value)

        !*/

        inline double target (
        ) const;
        /*!
            ensures
                - This object attempts to measure how much time is
                  left until we reach a certain targeted value.  This
                  function returns that targeted value.
        !*/

        inline bool print_status (
            double cur,
            bool always_print = false
        );
        /*!
            ensures
                - print_status() assumes it is called with values which are linearly 
                  approaching target().  It will attempt to predict how much time is 
                  remaining until cur becomes equal to target().
                - prints a status message to the screen which indicates how much
                  more time is left until cur is equal to target()
                - if (always_print) then
                    - This function prints to the screen each time it is called.
                - else
                    - This function throttles the printing so that at most 1 message is
                      printed each second.  Note that it won't print anything to the screen
                      until about one second has elapsed.  This means that the first call
                      to print_status() never prints to the screen.
                - This function returns true if it prints to the screen and false
                  otherwise. 
        !*/

    private:

        double target_val;

        time_t start_time;
        double first_val;
        double seen_first_val;
        time_t last_time;

    };

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//                               IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    console_progress_indicator::
    console_progress_indicator (
        double target_value 
    ) :
        target_val(target_value),
        start_time(0),
        first_val(0),
        seen_first_val(false),
        last_time(0)
    {
    }

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    bool console_progress_indicator::
    print_status (
        double cur,
        bool always_print
    )
    {
        const time_t cur_time = std::time(0);

        // if this is the first time print_status has been called
        // then collect some information and exit.  We will print status
        // on the next call.
        if (!seen_first_val)
        {
            start_time = cur_time;
            last_time = cur_time;
            first_val = cur;
            seen_first_val = true;
            return false;
        }

        if (cur_time != last_time || always_print)
        {
            last_time = cur_time;
            double delta_t = static_cast<double>(cur_time - start_time);
            double delta_val = std::abs(cur - first_val);

            // don't do anything if cur is equal to first_val
            if (delta_val < std::numeric_limits<double>::epsilon())
                return false;

            double seconds = delta_t/delta_val * std::abs(target_val - cur);

            std::ios::fmtflags oldflags = std::cout.flags();  

            std::cout.setf(std::ios::fixed,std::ios::floatfield);
            std::streamsize ss;

            if (seconds < 60)
            {
                ss = std::cout.precision(0); 
                std::cout << "Time remaining: " << seconds << " seconds.                 \r" << std::flush;
            }
            else if (seconds < 60*60)
            {
                ss = std::cout.precision(2); 
                std::cout << "Time remaining: " << seconds/60 << " minutes.                 \r" << std::flush;
            }
            else 
            {
                ss = std::cout.precision(2); 
                std::cout << "Time remaining: " << seconds/60/60 << " hours.                 \r" << std::flush;
            }

            // restore previous output flags and precision settings
            std::cout.flags(oldflags); 
            std::cout.precision(ss); 

            return true;
        }

        return false;
    }

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    double console_progress_indicator::
    target (
    ) const
    {
        return target_val;
    }

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    void console_progress_indicator::
    reset (
        double target_value
    ) 
    {
        *this = console_progress_indicator(target_value);
    }

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

}

#endif // DLIB_CONSOLE_PROGRESS_INDiCATOR_Hh_