// Copyright (C) 2010 Davis E. King (davis@dlib.net) // License: Boost Software License See LICENSE.txt for the full license. #undef DLIB_IMAGE_PYRaMID_ABSTRACT_Hh_ #ifdef DLIB_IMAGE_PYRaMID_ABSTRACT_Hh_ #include "../pixel.h" #include "../array2d.h" #include "../geometry.h" #include "../image_processing/generic_image.h" namespace dlib{template <unsignedintN > classpyramid_down: noncopyable{/*! REQUIREMENTS ON N N > 0 WHAT THIS OBJECT REPRESENTS This is a simple functor to help create image pyramids. In particular, it downsamples images at a ratio of N to N-1. Note that setting N to 1 means that this object functions like pyramid_disable (defined at the bottom of this file). WARNING, when mapping rectangles from one layer of a pyramid to another you might end up with rectangles which extend slightly outside your images. This is because points on the border of an image at a higher pyramid layer might correspond to points outside images at lower layers. So just keep this in mind. Note also that it's easy to deal with. Just say something like this: rect = rect.intersect(get_rect(my_image)); // keep rect inside my_image !*/ public: template < typename in_image_type, typename out_image_type >voidoperator() ( const in_image_type& original, out_image_type& down ) const; /*! requires - is_same_object(original, down) == false - in_image_type == an image object that implements the interface defined in dlib/image_processing/generic_image.h - out_image_type == an image object that implements the interface defined in dlib/image_processing/generic_image.h - for both pixel types P in the input and output images, we require: - pixel_traits<P>::has_alpha == false ensures - #down will contain an image that is roughly (N-1)/N times the size of the original image. - If both input and output images contain RGB pixels then the downsampled image will be in color. Otherwise, the downsampling will be performed in a grayscale mode. - The location of a point P in original image will show up at point point_down(P) in the #down image. - Note that some points on the border of the original image might correspond to points outside the #down image. !*/ template < typename image_type >voidoperator() ( image_type& img ) const; /*! requires - image_type == an image object that implements the interface defined in dlib/image_processing/generic_image.h - pixel_traits<typename image_traits<image_type>::pixel_type>::has_alpha == false ensures - This function downsamples the given image and stores the results in #img. In particular, it is equivalent to performing: (*this)(img, temp); swap(img, temp); !*/ // ------------------------------- template <typename T> vector<double,2>point_down( const vector<T,2>& p ) const; /*! ensures - interprets p as a point in a parent image and returns the point in a downsampled image which corresponds to p. - This function is the inverse of point_up(). I.e. for a point P: point_down(point_up(P)) == P !*/ template <typename T> vector<double,2>point_up( const vector<T,2>& p ) const; /*! ensures - interprets p as a point in a downsampled image and returns the point in a parent image which corresponds to p. - This function is the inverse of point_down(). I.e. for a point P: point_up(point_down(P)) == P !*/ drectanglerect_down( const drectangle& rect ) const; /*! ensures - returns drectangle(point_down(rect.tl_corner()), point_down(rect.br_corner())); (i.e. maps rect into a downsampled image) !*/ drectanglerect_up( const drectangle& rect ) const; /*! ensures - returns drectangle(point_up(rect.tl_corner()), point_up(rect.br_corner())); (i.e. maps rect into a parent image) !*/ // ------------------------------- template <typename T> vector<double,2>point_down( const vector<T,2>& p,unsignedintlevels ) const; /*! ensures - applies point_down() to p levels times and returns the result. (i.e. point_down(p,2) == point_down(point_down(p)), point_down(p,1) == point_down(p), point_down(p,0) == p, etc. ) !*/ template <typename T> vector<double,2>point_up( const vector<T,2>& p,unsignedintlevels ) const; /*! ensures - applies point_up() to p levels times and returns the result. (i.e. point_up(p,2) == point_up(point_up(p)), point_up(p,1) == point_up(p), point_up(p,0) == p, etc. ) !*/ drectanglerect_down( const drectangle& rect,unsignedintlevels ) const; /*! ensures - returns drectangle(point_down(rect.tl_corner(),levels), point_down(rect.br_corner(),levels)); (i.e. Basically applies rect_down() to rect levels times and returns the result.) !*/ drectanglerect_up( const drectangle& rect,unsignedintlevels ) const; /*! ensures - returns drectangle(point_up(rect.tl_corner(),levels), point_up(rect.br_corner(),levels)); (i.e. Basically applies rect_up() to rect levels times and returns the result.) !*/}; // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- classpyramid_disable: noncopyable{/*! WHAT THIS OBJECT REPRESENTS This is a function object with an interface identical to pyramid_down (defined at the top of this file) except that it downsamples images at a ratio of infinity to 1. That means it always outputs images of size 0 regardless of the size of the inputs. This is useful because it can be supplied to routines which take a pyramid_down function object and it will essentially disable pyramid processing. This way, a pyramid oriented function can be turned into a regular routine which processes just the original undownsampled image. !*/}; // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template <unsignedintN >doublepyramid_rate( const pyramid_down<N>& pyr ); /*! ensures - returns (N-1.0)/N !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template <unsignedintN >voidfind_pyramid_down_output_image_size( const pyramid_down<N>& pyr,long& nr,long& nc ); /*! requires - nr >= 0 - nc >= 0 ensures - If pyr() were called on an image with nr by nc rows and columns, what would be the size of the output image? This function finds the size of the output image and stores it back into #nr and #nc. !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename pyramid_type, typename image_type1, typename image_type2 >voidcreate_tiled_pyramid( const image_type1& img, image_type2& out_img, std::vector<rectangle>& rects, constunsignedlongpadding = 10, constunsignedlongouter_padding = 0 ); /*! requires - pyramid_type == one of the dlib::pyramid_down template instances defined above. - is_same_object(img, out_img) == false - image_type1 == an image object that implements the interface defined in dlib/image_processing/generic_image.h - image_type2 == an image object that implements the interface defined in dlib/image_processing/generic_image.h - for both pixel types P in the input and output images, we require: - pixel_traits<P>::has_alpha == false ensures - Creates an image pyramid from the input image img. The pyramid is made using pyramid_type. The highest resolution image is img and then all further pyramid levels are generated from pyramid_type's downsampling. The entire resulting pyramid is packed into a single image and stored in out_img. - When packing pyramid levels into out_img, there will be padding pixels of space between each sub-image. There will also be outer_padding pixels of padding around the edge of the image. All padding pixels have a value of 0. - The resulting pyramid will be composed of #rects.size() images packed into out_img. Moreover, #rects[i] is the location inside out_img of the i-th pyramid level. - #rects.size() > 0 - #rects[0] == get_rect(img). I.e. the first rectangle is the highest resolution pyramid layer. Subsequent elements of #rects correspond to smaller and smaller pyramid layers inside out_img. !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename pyramid_type > dpointimage_to_tiled_pyramid( const std::vector<rectangle>& rects,doublescale, dpoint p ); /*! requires - pyramid_type == one of the dlib::pyramid_down template instances defined above. - 0 < scale <= 1 - rects.size() > 0 ensures - The function create_tiled_pyramid() converts an image, img, to a "tiled pyramid" called out_img. It also outputs a vector of rectangles, rect, that show where each pyramid layer appears in out_img. Therefore, image_to_tiled_pyramid() allows you to map from coordinates in img (i.e. p) to coordinates in the tiled pyramid out_img, when given the rects metadata. So given a point p in img, you can ask, what coordinate in out_img corresponds to img[p.y()][p.x()] when things are scale times smaller? This new coordinate is a location in out_img and is what is returned by this function. - A scale of 1 means we don't move anywhere in the pyramid scale space relative to the input image while smaller values of scale mean we move down the pyramid. - Assumes pyramid_type is the pyramid class used to produce the tiled image. !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename pyramid_type > drectangleimage_to_tiled_pyramid( const std::vector<rectangle>& rects,doublescale, drectangle r ); /*! requires - pyramid_type == one of the dlib::pyramid_down template instances defined above. - 0 < scale <= 1 - rects.size() > 0 ensures - This function maps from input image space to tiled pyramid coordinate space just as the above image_to_tiled_pyramid() does, except it operates on rectangle objects instead of points. - Assumes pyramid_type is the pyramid class used to produce the tiled image. !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename pyramid_type > dpointtiled_pyramid_to_image( const std::vector<rectangle>& rects, dpoint p ); /*! requires - pyramid_type == one of the dlib::pyramid_down template instances defined above. - rects.size() > 0 ensures - This function maps from a coordinate in a tiled pyramid to the corresponding input image coordinate. Therefore, it is essentially the inverse of image_to_tiled_pyramid(). - It should be noted that this function isn't always an inverse of image_to_tiled_pyramid(). This is because you can ask image_to_tiled_pyramid() for the coordinates of points outside the input image and they will be mapped to somewhere that doesn't have an inverse. But for points actually inside the image this function performs an approximate inverse mapping. - Assumes pyramid_type is the pyramid class used to produce the tiled image. !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename pyramid_type > drectangletiled_pyramid_to_image( const std::vector<rectangle>& rects, drectangle r ); /*! requires - pyramid_type == one of the dlib::pyramid_down template instances defined above. - rects.size() > 0 ensures - This function maps from a coordinate in a tiled pyramid to the corresponding input image coordinate. Therefore, it is essentially the inverse of image_to_tiled_pyramid(). - It should be noted that this function isn't always an inverse of image_to_tiled_pyramid(). This is because you can ask image_to_tiled_pyramid() for the coordinates of points outside the input image and they will be mapped to somewhere that doesn't have an inverse. But for points actually inside the image this function performs an approximate inverse mapping. - Assumes pyramid_type is the pyramid class used to produce the tiled image. !*/ // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------}#endif // DLIB_IMAGE_PYRaMID_ABSTRACT_Hh_