// Copyright (C) 2011 Davis E. King (davis@dlib.net) // License: Boost Software License See LICENSE.txt for the full license. #undef DLIB_ASSIGNMENT_FuNCTION_ABSTRACT_Hh_ #ifdef DLIB_ASSIGNMENT_FuNCTION_ABSTRACT_Hh_ #include <vector> #include "../optimization/max_cost_assignment_abstract.h" namespace dlib{// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- classexample_feature_extractor{/*! WHAT THIS OBJECT REPRESENTS This object defines the interface a feature extractor must implement if it is to be used with the assignment_function defined at the bottom of this file. The model used by assignment_function objects is the following. Given two sets of objects, the Left Hand Set (LHS) and Right Hand Set (RHS), find a one-to-one mapping M from LHS into RHS such that: M == argmax_m sum_{l in LHS} match_score(l,m(l)) Where match_score() returns a scalar value indicating how good it is to say l maps to the RHS element m(l). Additionally, in this model, m() is allowed to indicate that l doesn't map to anything, and in this case it is excluded from the sum. Finally, match_score() is defined as: match_score(l,r) == dot(w, PSI(l,r)) + bias where l is an element of LHS, r is an element of RHS, w is a parameter vector and bias is a scalar valued parameter. Therefore, a feature extractor defines how the PSI() feature vector is calculated. In particular, PSI() is defined by the get_features() method of this class. THREAD SAFETY Instances of this object are required to be threadsafe, that is, it should be safe for multiple threads to make concurrent calls to the member functions of this object. !*/ public: // This type should be a dlib::matrix capable of storing column vectors // or an unsorted sparse vector type as defined in dlib/svm/sparse_vector_abstract.h. typedef matrix_or_sparse_vector_type feature_vector_type; // These two typedefs define the types used to represent an element in // the left hand and right hand sets. You can use any copyable types here. typedef user_defined_type_1 lhs_element; typedef user_defined_type_2 rhs_element;unsignedlongnum_features( ) const; /*! ensures - returns the dimensionality of the PSI() feature vector. !*/voidget_features( const lhs_element& left, const rhs_element& right, feature_vector_type& feats ) const; /*! ensures - #feats == PSI(left,right) (i.e. This function computes a feature vector which, in some sense, captures information useful for deciding if matching left to right is "good"). !*/unsignedlongnum_nonnegative_weights( ) const; /*! ensures - returns the number of elements of the w parameter vector which should be non-negative. That is, this feature extractor is intended to be used with w vectors where the first num_nonnegative_weights() elements of w are >= 0. That is, it should be the case that w(i) >= 0 for all i < num_nonnegative_weights(). - Note that num_nonnegative_weights() is just an optional method to allow you to tell a tool like the structural_assignment_trainer that the learned w should have a certain number of non-negative elements. Therefore, if you do not provide a num_nonnegative_weights() method in your feature extractor then it will default to a value of 0, indicating that all elements of the w parameter vector may be any value. !*/}; // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------voidserialize( const example_feature_extractor& item, std::ostream& out ); /*! provides serialization support !*/voiddeserialize( example_feature_extractor& item, std::istream& in ); /*! provides deserialization support !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename feature_extractor > classassignment_function{/*! REQUIREMENTS ON feature_extractor It must be an object that implements an interface compatible with the example_feature_extractor discussed above. WHAT THIS OBJECT REPRESENTS This object is a tool for solving the optimal assignment problem given a user defined method for computing the quality of any particular assignment. To define this precisely, suppose you have two sets of objects, a Left Hand Set (LHS) and a Right Hand Set (RHS) and you want to find a one-to-one mapping M from LHS into RHS such that: M == argmax_m sum_{l in LHS} match_score(l,m(l)) Where match_score() returns a scalar value indicating how good it is to say l maps to the RHS element m(l). Additionally, in this model, m() is allowed to indicate that l doesn't map to anything, and in this case it is excluded from the sum. Finally, this object supports match_score() functions of the form: match_score(l,r) == dot(w, PSI(l,r)) + bias where l is an element of LHS, r is an element of RHS, w is a parameter vector, bias is a scalar valued parameter, and PSI() is defined by the feature_extractor template argument. THREAD SAFETY It is always safe to use distinct instances of this object in different threads. However, when a single instance is shared between threads then the following rules apply: It is safe to call the const members of this object from multiple threads so long as the feature_extractor is also threadsafe. This is because the const members are purely read-only operations. However, any operation that modifies an assignment_function is not threadsafe. !*/ public: typedef typename feature_extractor::lhs_element lhs_element; typedef typename feature_extractor::rhs_element rhs_element; typedef std::vector<long> label_type; typedef label_type result_type; typedef std::pair<std::vector<lhs_element>, std::vector<rhs_element> > sample_type;assignment_function( ); /*! ensures - #get_feature_extractor() == feature_extractor() (i.e. it will have its default value) - #get_weights().size() == #get_feature_extractor().num_features() - #get_weights() == 0 - #get_bias() == 0 - #forces_assignment() == false !*/ explicitassignment_function( const matrix<double,0,1>& weights,doublebias ); /*! requires - feature_extractor().num_features() == weights.size() ensures - #get_feature_extractor() == feature_extractor() (i.e. it will have its default value) - #get_weights() == weights - #get_bias() == bias - #forces_assignment() == false !*/assignment_function( const matrix<double,0,1>& weights,doublebias, const feature_extractor& fe ); /*! requires - fe.num_features() == weights.size() ensures - #get_feature_extractor() == fe - #get_weights() == weights - #get_bias() == bias - #forces_assignment() == false !*/assignment_function( const matrix<double,0,1>& weights,doublebias, const feature_extractor& fe,boolforce_assignment ); /*! requires - fe.num_features() == weights.size() ensures - #get_feature_extractor() == fe - #get_weights() == weights - #get_bias() == bias - #forces_assignment() == force_assignment !*/ const feature_extractor&get_feature_extractor( ) const; /*! ensures - returns the feature extractor used by this object !*/ const matrix<double,0,1>&get_weights( ) const; /*! ensures - returns the parameter vector (w) associated with this assignment function. The length of the vector is get_feature_extractor().num_features(). !*/doubleget_bias( ) const; /*! ensures - returns the bias parameter associated with this assignment function. !*/boolforces_assignment( ) const; /*! ensures - returns true if this object is in the "forced assignment mode" and false otherwise. - When deciding how to match LHS to RHS, this object can operate in one of two modes. In the default mode, this object will indicate that there is no match for an element of LHS if the best matching element of RHS would result in a negative match_score(). However, in the "forced assignment mode", this object will always make the assignment if there is an available element in RHS, regardless of the match_score(). Another way to understand this distinction is to consider an example. Suppose LHS and RHS both contain 10 elements. Then in the default mode, it is possible for this object to indicate that there are anywhere between 0 to 10 matches between LHS and RHS. However, in forced assignment mode it will always indicate exactly 10 matches. !*/ result_typeoperator()( const std::vector<lhs_element>& lhs, const std::vector<rhs_element>& rhs ) const /*! ensures - returns a vector ASSIGN such that: - ASSIGN.size() == lhs.size() - if (ASSIGN[i] != -1) then - lhs[i] is predicted to associate to rhs[ASSIGN[i]]. - else - lhs[i] doesn't associate with anything in rhs. - All values in ASSIGN which are not equal to -1 are unique. That is, ASSIGN will never indicate that more than one element of lhs is assigned to a particular element of rhs. !*/ result_typeoperator() ( const sample_type& item ) const; /*! ensures - returns (*this)(item.first, item.second); !*/voidpredict_assignments( const sample_type& item, result_type& assignment ) const; /*! ensures - #assignment == (*this)(item) !*/voidpredict_assignments( const std::vector<lhs_element>& lhs, const std::vector<rhs_element>& rhs result_type& assignment ) const; /*! ensures - #assignment == (*this)(lhs,rhs) !*/}; // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename feature_extractor >voidserialize( const assignment_function<feature_extractor>& item, std::ostream& out ); /*! provides serialization support !*/ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- template < typename feature_extractor >voiddeserialize( assignment_function<feature_extractor>& item, std::istream& in ); /*! provides deserialization support !*/ // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------}#endif // DLIB_ASSIGNMENT_FuNCTION_ABSTRACT_Hh_